What is CBD? What is cannabidiol? Why is it called legal cannabis?

CBD (cannabidiol) is a plant component produced naturally by a plant native to Asia: hemp (Cannabis in Latin). History teaches us that this plant, cannabis, has been used for millennia for various functions. First of all for its fiber which is used as: textile, paper, insulation in the building etc. But also for its dried flowers for medical purposes, and in particular by the Chinese, the Egyptians, and the Greeks, during Antiquity. These people finally considered Cannabis as a source of well-being, and a way to improve meditation for example.

What is CBD? A molecule: the cannabidiol 1
What is CBD? A molecule: the cannabidiol 2
Cannabidiol (CBD) was discovered in 1963. This discovery is the result of scientific research carried out by an Israeli professor: Raphael Méchoulam. It is from Cannabis resin, also called “Haschich”, or “Shit” in Europe, that these researchers were able to isolate, and observe in the laboratory for the first time, the molecular composition of cannabis. Three main families of molecules emerged:

Terpenoids

Flavinoids

Cannabinoids

Cannabidiol (CBD) belongs to the latter group of cannabinoids and is expressed chemically like this:

2-6-isopropenyl 3-methyl 2-cyclohexen 1-yl 5-pentyl 1,3-benzenediol.

Its molecular form is C21H30O2, and its molecular weight is 314,4636.

Its melting point is 66 degrees, and 180 degrees Celsius for boiling.

It is a molecule insoluble in water, but soluble in organic solvents and fats.