Le CBD (Cannabidiol) is a plant component naturally produced by a plant native to Asia: hemp (Cannabis in Latin). History teaches us that this plant, cannabis, has been used for millennia for various functions. First of all for its fiber that serves as: textile, paper, insulation in building etc. But also for its flowers dried for medical purposes, and especially by the Chinese, Egyptians, and Greeks, during antiquity. These peoples finally considered Cannabis as a source of well-being, and a way to improve meditation for example.

Cannabidiol (CBD) was discovered in 1963. This discovery is the result of scientific research conducted by an Israeli professor: Raphael Méchoulam. It is from Cannabis resin, also called "Haschich", or "Shit" in Europe, that these researchers were able to isolate, and observe in the laboratory for the first time, the molecular makeup of cannabis.

Three great families of molecules emerged:

  1. terpenoids,
  2. flavinoids,
  3. and cannabinoids.

Cannabidiol (CBD) belongs to this last group of cannabinoids.

What is CBD? A molecule: the cannabidiol 1

Cannabidiol is chemically expressed as:

2-6-isopropenyl 3-methyl 2-cyclohexen 1-yl 5-pentyl 1,3-benzenediol.

Its molecular form is C21H30O2, and its molecular weight is 314,4636.

Its melting point is 66 degrees, and 180 degrees Celsius for boiling.

It is a molecule insoluble in water, but soluble in organic solvents and fats.

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